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2A Living Arrangements for Seniors
Description | Specific Indicators | Corresponding Mandatory Objectives | Corresponding National Indicators | Data Sources | Survey Questions | Alternative Data Sources | Analysis Check List | Method of Calculation | Basic Categories | Indicator Comments | Definitions | Cross-References to Other Sections | References

Proportion of population in private households (non-institutionalized) aged 65+ by their living arrangements.

Specific Indicators
  • Living arrangements for seniors

Corresponding Mandatory Objectives

  • None

Corresponding National Indicators

  • None

Data Sources (see Resources: Data Sources)
Numerator & Denominator: Canadian Census
Original source:
Statistics Canada
Distributed by:

  1. Health Planning Branch, Ontario MOHLTC
  2. Statistics Canada
Suggested citation (see Data Citation Notes):
[year] Census, Statistics Canada

Analysis Check List
  • None

Method of Calculation

number of people aged 65 years and over by living arrangement

x 100

total number of non-institutionalized persons 65+

Basic Categories

  • Living Arrangements: 1) Age 65+ living with relatives, 2) non-relatives, 3) alone.
  • Geographic areas: health planning region, public health unit, district health council, census division, and census sub-division.

Indicator Comments

  • Includes number of family persons aged 65+, number of non-family persons aged 65+ living with relatives, living with non-relatives and living alone.
  • Family household is defined as a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (single parent family).
  • Non-family household is defined as either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  • Private household refers to a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence outside of Canada. Private households include those living in economic families and unattached individuals. Economic families refers to a group to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption.
  • The economic status of seniors who live alone is generally good. Most seniors prefer to remain independent unless constrained by their finances.
  • This indicator is difficult to interpret without other determinants of health such as information about income and social support.
  • Not all seniors living alone will be in good mental and physical health or have good social support and interaction.

Cross-References to Other Sections

  • None


  1. Statistics Canada. 2001 Census Dictionary. Ottawa, ON: Ministry of Industry, 2002. Available from: URL:
  2. Seniors 75+: Living Arrangements and Lifestyles. Canadian Social Trends 1993 Autumn.


Date of Last Revision: May 23, 2006 .

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