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|1 Population by Age and Sex
Description | Specific Indicators | Ontario Public Health Standards| Corresponding Health Indicator(s) from Statistics Canada and CIHI| Corresponding Indicator(s) from Other Sources | Data Sources | Alternative Data Source(s) | Analysis Check List | Method of Calculation | Basic Categories | Indicator Comments | Definitions | Cross-References to Other Sections | Cited References
- Percentage of people in the population in a given age group and sex in a given year
- Population by Age and Sex
Ontario Public Health Standards
|The Ontario Public Health Standards (OPHS) establish requirements for the fundamental public health programs and services carried out by boards of health, which include assessment and surveillance, health promotion and policy development, disease and injury prevention, and health protection. The OPHS consist of one Foundational Standard and 13 Program Standards that articulate broad societal goals that result from the activities undertaken by boards of health and many others, including community partners, non-governmental organizations, and governmental bodies. These results have been expressed in terms of two levels of outcomes: societal outcomes and board of health outcomes. Societal outcomes entail changes in health status, organizations, systems, norms, policies, environments, and practices and result from the work of many sectors of society, including boards of health, for the improvement of the overall health of the population. Board of health outcomes are the results of endeavours by boards of health and often focus on changes in awareness, knowledge, attitudes, skills, practices, environments, and policies. Boards of health are accountable for these outcomes. The standards also outline the requirements that boards of health must implement to achieve the stated results. |
Assessment and/or Surveillance Requirements Related to this Indicator
The board of health shall assess current health status, health behaviours, preventive health practices, health care utilization relevant to public health, and demographic indicators in accordance with the Population Health Assessment and Surveillance Protocol, 2008 (or as current) (Foundational Standard)
Protocol Requirements Related to this Indicator
The board of health shall collect or access the following types of population health data and information: Socio-demographics including population counts by age, sex… (Population Health Assessment and Surveillance Protocol, 1b)
Corresponding Health Indicator(s) from Statistics Canada and CIHI
The internet publication Health Indicators, produced jointly by Statistics Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Information, provides over 80 indicators measuring the health of the Canadian population and the effectiveness of the health care system. Designed to provide comparable information at the health region and provincial/territorial levels, these data are produced from a wide range of the most recently available sources. A pdf copy of this report can be found on CIHI’s website (http://www.cihi.ca) under Research and Reports or under the PDF tab on the Statistics Canada web-page at http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=82-221-X
Data are derived from the census and administrative sources on births, deaths and migration. Postcensal estimates are based on the latest census results adjusted for net census undercoverage and for the estimated population growth that occurred since that census. More information about the data can be obtained in the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) file by selecting “File>Summary” or by browsing the footnotes below a retrieved CANSIM table.
Individual data tables can be found at:http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=82-221-X
Click on "View" beside Free on the row labeled, Latest issue.
Click on "Data tables, maps and fact sheets" on the left side menu.
Click on the indicator "Population estimates" under Community and health system characteristics, Community
Select either a CANSIM for an html rendered table or IVT to view a Beyond 20/20 file.
Corresponding Indicator(s) from Other Sources
Data Sources (see Resources: Population Estimates)
Population Estimates: PHU, County, and Municipality Level Numerator & Denominator: Population Estimates for Counties, Municipalities
Original source: Statistics Canada
Distributed by: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care: IntelliHEALTH Ontario
Suggested citation (see Data Citation Notes):
Population Estimates [years], Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Date Extracted: [date]
Population Estimates: LHIN Level
Numerator & Denominator: Population Estimates for LHINs
Original source: 1986-2000, Statistics Canada; 2001-onwards, Ontario Ministry of Finance
Distributed by: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care: IntelliHEALTH Ontario
Suggested citation (see Data Citation Notes):Population Estimates [years], Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Date Extracted [date]
Alternative Data Source(s)
- Statistics Canada CANSIM tables (Population and Demography)
- Statistics Canada Community Profiles
Analysis Check List
Method of Calculation
Age groupings available in pre-defined reports are: infant (<1 year), 5-year age groups, 90+. Age groups can be drilled down to single year of age.
Sex: male, female and total
Geographic areas of residence: province (sum of municipalities or health units), public health unit, census subdivision (municipality), county and LHIN.
- The tables provided for estimates at the PHU, county and municipality level in IntelliHEALTH Ontario are produced from population estimates by single year of age (up to 90+) and sex for Ontario’s Census Subdivisions as of July 1 for each year. They are produced by the Demography Division of Statistics Canada, and are based on census counts adjusted for net undercoverage. The document “Methodology Postcensal Estimates of Census Subdivision Population by Age and Sex” describes the methodology used by Statistics Canada.
- Totals by LHIN, age and sex derived from IntelliHEALTH may not correspond exactly to totals from the original MOF spreadsheets because of rounding of the single year by gender populations.
- Statistics Canada does not identify intersexed or transgendered in the Census or in the Population Estimates. The census questionnaire only asks Male or Female—there is no place to answer Other. If someone does not fill out the question, they get imputed to one or the other by Statistics Canada during Edit and Imputation processing. It is estimated that 1 in 100 babies in the U.S. are born with bodies that differ from standard ‘male’ and ‘female.’ (1)
- IntelliHEALTH users should be aware that the PHU, county and population estimates are derived from the municipalities (CSDs) that Statistics Canada used in the various Censuses. Since there is not a one-to-one match with the municipalities of the Ministry’s Residence Coding system (used to assign public health unit geography), care should be taken when interpreting the populations of some smaller municipalities, especially in the unorganized areas in the North. More information about the correspondence between CSDs and MOHLTC residence codes used to map the population estimates is available from the Health Data and Decision Support Unit, MOHLTC.
- Where there have been changes in political boundaries over time, the historic data within the data source has been modified to reflect the current boundaries. This may cause differences in counts within areas where boundaries have changed when comparing with reports done prior to boundary changes.
Sex - refers to whether the person was classified as male or female (either through self-identification or recoding by Statistics Canada).
Age - refers to the age of a person (or subject) of interest at last birthday (or relative to a specified, well-defined reference date).
For definitions of geographic basic areas see http://geodepot.statcan.gc.ca/2006/180506051805140305/03150707/0914040524_05-eng.jsp
Cross-References to Other Sections
- Blackless, Melanie, Anthony Charuvastra, Amanda Derryck, Anne Fausto-Sterling, Karl Lauzanne, and Ellen Lee. 2000. How sexually dimorphic are we? Review and synthesis. American Journal of Human Biology 12:151-166.
Type of Review (Formal Review or Ad Hoc?)
Changes made by
March 30, 2010
Social Determinants of Health sub-group
- New section on OPHS added
- Corresponding Health Indicators from Statistics Canada and CIHI added
- Data source information updated to reflect use of IntelliHEALTH Ontario
- Alternative Data Sources updated to include CANSIM tables
- Basic Categories section revised to reflect categories available through IntelliHEALTH Ontario
- Indicator comments updated to include statement about inter-sexed individuals and issues related to the use of IntelliHEALTH Ontario as a data source
- Definitions added
Nancy Ramuscak, Region of Peel Public Health
Cam McDermaid, Ottawa Public Health
Luanne Jamieson, Hamilton Public Health Services
Virginia McFarland, Grey Bruce Health Unit
Alissa Palangio, Sudbury and District Health Unit
William Kou, York Region Community and Health Services
Core Indicator Reviewers
Carol Paul, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Jessica Deming, Region of Waterloo Public Health
Mike Delorme, Region of Waterloo Public Health
Date of Last Revision: April 8, 2011